The village is named after the famous 150,000-acre Edgeroi Station, which was one of the region’s largest stations from the early 1880s until just after World War II, when it was divided into soldier settler blocks. The station’s woolshed was once the largest in the southern hemisphere, with a 52-stand capacity. Remains of the old woolshed are visible on the left hand side of the road, 4km north after leaving Edgeroi. The War Memorial plaque from the railway station has been relocated to the vicinity of the Fuel Stop.
Today, Edgeroi is an agricultural village growing wheat, sorghum, dry land summer crops and cotton, and grazing cattle and sheep. The surrounding country consists of flat and rich black soil, framed by the magnificent Nandewar Ranges.